In the present form, the Department of Thermophysics and Applied Ecology was formed in 2013 by combining the Department of Engineering Thermal Physics with the Department of Chemistry, Environmental Protection and Rational Environmental Management. The unification of the departments was carried out within the framework of the structural perfection of the Odessa National Academy of Food Technologies. Both chairs have long paths of their formation and development, as well as a wide list of achievements in their professional aspirations.
The unification of several pedagogical schools has led to an improvement in the quality of the training of ONAPT graduates in the fields of Thermophysics and Ecology, Environmental Protection and Balanced Natural Resources, the expansion of the laboratory base of the department.
HISTORY OF THE DEPARTMENT OF ENGINEERING THERMOPHYSICS
The Department of Engineering Thermophysics was formed in 1963 at the Odessa Technological Institute named after MV. Lomonosov In 1969, the department together with the Department of Thermophysics was transferred to the Odessa Institute of Technology for Food and Refrigeration (later Odessa Technological Institute of Refrigeration Industry), which in 1989 was renamed the Odessa Institute of Low-Temperature Technology and Energy. In 1994, this institute received a new name – the Odessa State Academy of Colds. In 2012, the Odessa State Academy of Colds became a member of the Odessa National Academy of Food Technologies on behalf of the Institute of Cold, Cryotechnology and Eco-Energy. VS Martynovsky In 2013 the department became a part of the new department – “Thermal Physics and Applied Ecology”. The formation of the department is associated with the names of such outstanding scientists in the field of technical thermodynamics, thermophysics, chemistry, environmental protection and rational nature management as: Gohshtein D.P., Geller Z.I., Kesselman PM, Onyshchenko V.P., Zhelezny V.P., Tsykalo A.L., Geller V.Z., Shchekatolina S.A., Bodyul A.I., Yakub L.N., Semenyuk Yu.V. and other.
The first head of the Department of Engineering Thermophysics was Doctor of Technical Sciences, Professor David Petrovich Gohshtein (until 1969), who contributed heavily to the creation, technical and methodological support of the department. Priority scientific directions in the field of energy and research of properties of technically important substances were formulated. Professor Zinovy Isayevich Geller headed the Department of Engineering Thermophysics until 1973. Under his direct leadership, the modernization of the scientific equipment of the department was carried out, a new cycle of laboratory work was created; for the first time in Ukraine a scientific experimental base for the training of specialists in the field of thermophysics was created. From 1973 to 1990, the head of the Department of Engineering Thermophysics was Professor Pavel Moiseevich Kesselman, under which the department became a world leader in the study of the thermophysical properties of technically important substances in various aggregate states. In 1990 the department headed by Professor V.P. Onishchenko Over the past 20 years, the main achievements of the department include large-scale studies of the thermophysical properties of ozone-safe refrigerants and their solutions with compressor oils, as well as the properties of food raw materials and products, the development of modern methods of ecological and energy analysis of the efficiency of the use of raw materials and energy resources in the refrigeration industry and food technologies .
Since 2008 the head of the department has become a doctor of technical sciences, professor Vitaly Petrovich Zhelezny. In recent years, the scientific work of the department is focused on the evaluation of the influence of impurities of compressor oil in working bodies on the energy efficiency of refrigeration equipment, the study of the thermophysical properties of nanofluids (Prof. Geller V.Z., Prof. Zhelezny V.P., Assistant Professor Semenyuk Yu.V. Loozovsky T.L.), further development of methods of thermodynamic modeling of complex thermodynamic systems. It should be noted a significant contribution prof. Yakub L.N. in the study of the properties of cryo crystals, including the properties of polymer phases of solid nitrogen. Associate professor Szczecatolina S.A. participated (together with German colleagues) in developing physicochemical models of atherosclerosis development. Scientific interests associate professor Zatserklyany MM related to the study of anthropogenic impact on the environment and human health, the decision of environmental problems in Odessa, Odessa region and Ukraine
In the activity of the department considerable attention is paid to the teaching and methodological work and the introduction of modern methods of teaching into the educational process. Only in recent years about 100 methodical manuals have been published, a manual with the stamp of the Ministry of Education and Science “Experimental Thermophysics” (2008) has been published, monographs “Scientific and technical bases for ensuring reliability, technical and ecological safety of small refrigeration equipment working on hydrocarbons” (2009) have been published. , “Working bodies of steam-compression refrigeration machines: properties, analysis, application” (2012), “Thermophysical properties of refrigerant solutions in oils” (2013), “Automobile transport and its influence on the environment environment and health of the person “(2012),” Regulatory and legal support of environmental protection, rational use of natural resources and health care “(2012, in 3 volumes). Most lecture classes are conducted using multimedia.
At present, the department has one of the best in the CIS countries experimental laboratory for studying the thermophysical properties of substances, refrigerant / oil solutions, nanofluids. The laboratory conducts research: thermal properties of substances; phase equilibria of liquid-vapor and liquid-liquid, critical parameters; viscosity; thermal conductivity; heat capacity; molecular mass; surface tension; heat exchange during boiling of refrigerants, refrigerant / oil and nanofluid solutions. The laboratory base of the department is used for laboratory work, preparation of graduates and postgraduate students, execution of state budget, housing contracts and cathedrals.
The staff of the department maintains scientific contacts with scientists from many countries: the Russian Federation, the USA, India, Belarus, Poland, Germany, Italy, Norway. Joint scientific projects are being carried out with scientists from the USA, India, the Russian Federation, Belarus, Germany. Yes, Assoc. Szczecatolina S.A. In the Laboratory of Biochemistry and Genetics of the Eppendorf Clinic at the University of Hamburg, he has been studying physicochemical models of atherosclerosis for many years.
The staff of the department received grants: Soros Foundation Grant – “Polymer Nitrogen” (Yakub L.N., 1994); Grant of the CRDF (Fund for Civic Research and Development of the USA) grant from the Kasan Mianowski Foundation (Poland) grant from NATO within the framework of the International Conference “Nonlinear Dielectric Phenomena in Complex Liquids” (10-14 May, 2003). For many years prof. Zhelezny VP and Prof. Geller V.Z. Technical consultants from such well-known companies as DuPont, Hantsman Petrochemical Corp (USA), NORD group (Ukraine), REFMA (Ukraine). Postgraduate student Chernyak Yu received a prestigious international award from the Candi Gardens International Institute of Cold (1995), four post-graduate students received a scholarship from the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine for young scientists.
Prof. Zhelezny VP and Geller VZ members of dissertation council D.41.088.03 on defense of candidate and doctoral dissertations. Over the years of the existence of the Department of Engineering Thermophysics, 8 doctoral and more than 50 PhD theses were defended, 8 monographs and over 1000 articles in scientific journals (“International Journal of Refrigeration”, “Fluid Phase Equilibria”, “High Temperatures – High Pressures”, ” «International Journal of Thermophysics», «Journal of Fluorine Chemistry», «Journal of synthetic lubrication», «Journal of chemical and engineering data», «Russian Journal of Physical Chemistry», «Ecotechnologies and resource saving», «Herald of MAX», « Refrigeration technology “,” Refrigeration technology and technology “,” Cold M + T “, etc.)
HISTORY OF THE DEPARTMENT OF “CHEMISTRY, ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AND RATIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL USE”
The history of the Department of Chemistry, Environmental Protection and Rational Environmental Management of the Odessa State Academy of Cold was closely linked to the history of the formation and development of this educational institution. And this is not surprising, because our educational institution began its existence as a scientific-educational institution of the chemical profile – the General and Applied Chemistry Technicum (1922), then – the Odessa Chemical Institute. The first problems that then demanded their solution were problems related to the food industry, winemaking, refrigeration engineering, and the technology of production of substances and materials that are extremely necessary for the national economy of the country – fertilizers, artificial rubber. The problem was the preservation of agricultural raw materials and food products (first of all – with artificial cold).
It is understandable that the development of these areas of technology and industry, the construction of new enterprises, and objects of the agro-industrial complex required the dissemination of scientific research and scientific and technological developments in the field of general, physical, colloidal chemistry and chemical technology. Later on, issues related to the study of the physicochemical characteristics of substances and materials, the study of the properties of substances and the study of processes at low and cryogenic temperatures, the separation of air, the production of products of this division – nitrogen, oxygen, argon, neon, etc. played an important role. also works in the field of physicochemical properties of liquid crystals, environmentally hazardous substances and materials, adsorption processes, etc.
In 1980 – 1993 The department carried out scientific research and scientific and technical developments on the tasks of large enterprises and departments of Ukraine and the USSR (Odesa Portside Plant, Odessa Ship Repair Plant, State Institute of Nitrogen Industry (Moscow), Vilnius Chemical Plant (Vilnius, Lithuania), Energy »S.P. Korolev (Kaliningrad, Moscow region), the State Institute of the chlorine industry (Moscow), the State Institute of Applied Chemistry (Leningrad), the Ministry of Mineral Fertilizers (Moscow), the Union of Azov from “(Moscow),” SoyuzHlor “(Moscow) and others.
Naturally, the scientific and educational activities of our department were closely connected with the scientific, educational and scientific and technical activities of other departments of the Academy, in particular: physics, mathematics, refrigeration machines, cryogenic engineering, engineering thermophysics.
Since the 1980s, the focus of the department’s efforts has been on ecology, ecological safety and environmental issues. Thanks to these efforts the Department of Chemistry, Environmental Protection and Rational Environmental Management became the first in Odessa and one of the first in Ukraine, where the training of environmental engineers began. At that time, the Department of General Chemistry was transformed into the Department of Chemistry, Environmental Protection and Rational Environmental Management (1984).
During the years of existence of this department, 20 graduates and students of the department became candidates of sciences, some of them now – Doctors of sciences, associate professors, professors, well-known teachers and scientists. They work in Ukraine, Russia, the USA, Germany, Italy, Mauritius, Australia, New Zealand, Mongolia, Israel, Mali, Syria, Vietnam and other countries of the world.
The department has organized and conducted several major international conferences in the field of ecology and ecological safety, physical chemistry, in which world-famous scientists, scientific institutions, enterprises and firms from the USA, Japan, France, Germany took part. The Department of Chemistry, Environmental Protection and Rational Environmental Management took an active part in public environmental activities. The staff of the department – teachers, scientists, post-graduate students conduct educational and professional-oriented work with schoolchildren, student youth, population, organize and conduct ecological expeditions, field practices, seminars, conferences, festivals. On the basis of the chair, two public environmental organizations are organized – the Youth Ecological Center named after them. academician VI Vernadsky and the Association “Environmental safety and counteraction to emergency situations” named after Academician MI Andrusova publishes the magazine “Emergencies and Public Protection” (since 1997). The department prepared and printed biographical essays and monographs devoted to the outstanding figures of science, technology, culture – V.S. Martynovsky, M.I. Andrusov, V.A. Khavkin, L.I. Mandelstam, A.N. Lyapunov, O.3. Nudelmanu, I.P. Bull, Ya. Taubina, Ulugbek, I.I. Puzanov et al.
In different years the department was headed by outstanding scientists and teachers – Doctor of Philosophy, Professor B.A. Rashkovan, Ph.D., Professor S.E. Kharin, Ph.D., Professor O. Bolshakov; Doctor of Technical Sciences, A. Tabachnikov, Doctor of Technical Sciences, Professor S.I. Taubman, Ph.D., Professor T.A. Safranov and other famous scientists and specialists. Since 1984, the Department is headed by the Doctor of Chemical Sciences, Professor, Honored Worker of Education of Ukraine, full member (academician) of several domestic, foreign and international academies of sciences and scientific societies, laureate of the International competition on theoretical and organic chemistry (first prize). Sorosov professor, member of the National Union of Journalists of Ukraine Alfred Leonidovich Tsykalo. Professor A.L. Tsykalo is the founder and chairman of the Association “Environmental safety and counteraction to emergencies” them. academician MI Andrusova, the founder and scientific leader-coordinator of the Youth Ecological Center them. academician V.I. Vernadsky, editor-in-chief of the scientific-technical and informational magazine “Emergencies and public protection”.